Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)
Contact with the joint and its connection leads to the occurrence of joint abnormal development when a collision or collision of articular structures occurs during movement.
Symptoms are as follows: a sudden pain in the lower back, the outer surface of the thigh, the extreme gluteal region, extreme positions and the subsequent restriction of movements. Asarule, unilateral symptoms. The most vivid ideas are presented after prolonged sitting with considerable physical exertion. More often, pain syndrome appears in young and middle-aged patients.
Traditionally, 3 types of FAI are distinguished.
- Cam isthe “thigh” type. Incorrect morphology of the head and the neck of the femur connection at the unchanged acetabulummarks it.
- Pincer isthe “acetabular” type. Incorrect acetabulum anatomy atthe unchanged proximal femur marks it.
- Mixed is the combination of bothvariants.
Two types of surgical interferences for FAI patients are madeinAdultOrthopedic Department: diagnostic andtherapeutic hip joint arthroscopy, and open removal of impingement causes (Dunn-Ganz surgery).
Diagnostic and therapeutic arthroscopy as a type of hip joint organ-preserving surgery has wide range of use. It is used more often at femoroacetabular impingement, acetabular labrum damages, cartilage flaps, and initial coxarthrosis. InAdultOrthopedicDepartment, arthroscopic interferences are made in full scope with use of modern methods and technical decisions.